Various period records help to sketch out some of Charles Colvin, Jr’s activities during his life in Virginia and Kentucky as one of this line’s early ancestors. They include references to his early connections to Fauquier as well as to the plantation of James Hunter who was not only the owner of one of Virginia’s largest iron forges during the American Revolution, but who was also one of Stafford County’s largest slave owners. There is also the distinct possibility that this “Charles Colvin, Jr.”, as he sometimes appears in period records, is also “Charles B. Colvin” who can later be found in both Pendleton and Bracken County, Kentucky records at various but not inconsistent times. Charles was an inhabitant in those counties at a time when they were re-organizing and redrawing their boundary lines, and also at a time when Ohio was part of what was called the Northwest Territory which consisted of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, and Michigan – before any of these areas achieved statehood. The three Kentucky counties – Bracken, Pendleton, and Campbell counties in which Charles B. Colvin is found in tax records were all Ohio river border counties. This is significant because, although much of the Northwest Territory was considered “hostile” Indian territory in the 1790s, there is also reason to believe Charles migrated to Ohio post 1827, although this is currently not verified.
It is believed this is the same Charles named as a son in the Will of Charles Colvin, Sr., who died in Pendleton County, Kentucky in 1810 and whose Will was probated there. In addition to this brief bio sketch, I also conclude with the suggestion that Charles may be the progenitor of the Ohio branch of this Colvin line, based on available data, supplanting George Colvin, (1804 – 1843) in that role.
Charles Colvin, Jr., one of six known heirs of Charles Colvin, Sr. (~1745-1810) and Susanna “Hannah” Day, (?? – ??) first appears in period records in the April 10, 1787, Fauquier County personal property tax records as a tithable of the estate of Adam Hunter. He is likely working directly on the Fauquier plantation owned by Hunter, who had inherited the estate from his brother, Scottish emigrant, James Hunter, who died three years earlier in 1784.
Prevailing Virginia tax laws stipulated that all males age sixteen and above were required to pay a tax on their “personal” property, thus, the tax rolls of 1787, are especially significant because all taxable males between ages sixteen and twenty-one are distinguished in the rolls. And from this one can infer Charles’ birth year as being between 1766 and 1771.
From 1775 until 1781 the Hunter Iron Works, (a.k.a. Rappahannock Forge,) was located on the banks of Rappahannock River in the port town of Falmouth in adjacent Stafford County. It has been credited by historians as one of Virginia’s largest furnace-forges in the colonies which produced numerous items for the Revolutionary War. The deceased James Hunter had also owned land and slaves in Fauquier County, but was considered Stafford County’s largest slaveholder by the time he died.
The following year, 1788, the Fauquier-area Hunter estate was assessed on five hundred acres of land at a rate of £0.8.7, (eight shillings, seven pence) per acre, for a total of £214.11.8, (214 pounds, eleven shillings, and eight pence.)  That same year, Charles Colvin, Jr. claimed two male slaves ages sixteen and above and three horses of his own. Charles is the only white tithable claimed by Adam in the tax lists consulted. Very likely, Charles was an overseer like his father.
The March 16, 1789 Fauquier tax roll shows Charles Colvin, Jr. claiming his own tithables: a male, John Colvin, (age 16-21,) two male slaves, ages 16-21, and six horses for which he was taxed £1.6. (One pound, six shillings.)  The “John Colvin” listed would not have been a son; Charles did not marry his first wife until ca. 1790. The tax commissioner, John Blackwell, designated this Charles as “Charles Colvin at the Marsh,” obviously to distinguished him from his father of Brent Town. This notation may also indicate Charles was living near a specific road or waterway. This also appears to be the period when Charles is heading his own house. He is shown on the list as claiming five horses and twelve heads of cattle, but this is an obvious clerical error.
The April 22, 1790 tax list entry shows Charles Colvin, Jr. with no white tithables other than himself and three male slaves: one age 12-16, and two age 16 +, and six horses. As already noted, no federal census is extant for Virginia for this year; therefore, the tax list was consulted.
The 1791 tax rolls list Charles “Calvin” with two male slaves ages 16+ and four horses and being charged £1.8.0 (one pound, eight shillings,) in taxes. The clerk again used the term “Marsh” besides his name.
In the May 25, 1792 tax list shows Charles Colvin Jr. being taxed on four horses again but with three male slaves — all ages 16-21. He was assessed £1.18 (one pound, eighteen shillings) that year.
In the May 16, 1793 tax rolls, Charles claimed a younger male, Raleigh Colvin, as his tithable plus four horses. He was charged eight shillings. In the March 15, 1794 rolls, Charles claimed Raleigh again and now five horses but no slaves are present. He was charged ten shillings in taxes. In the August 7, 1795 tax lists, Charles Colvin Jr.’s is still claiming Raleigh as his tithable, joined again by the tithable, John Colvin; Charles also claiming six horses, and was charged twelve shillings.
The October 4, 1796 Stafford county tax rolls list Charles Colvin, Jr. indicating he’d relocated to Stafford, preceding his father, Charles Colvin Sr.’s by several years. In those rolls Charles Colvin, Jr. is claiming three white tithes – quite likely his young sons, Bennett, Boswell, and Nimrod Colvin, who were born between 1791-1797 — and five horses. This is also the year, Bracken County is formed from Campbell County.
The following years, 1797 and 1798, Charles Colvin, Jr. appears in the Campbell County, Kentucky tax rolls. This is also the year Pendleton County, Kentucky is formed from parts of Bracken County.
Why Charles Colvin begins appearing in the Campbell County, Kentucky tax lists for these years is unclear. Two of his neighbors are a John Colvin and Lewis Colvin, although how they were related is yet unclear. Campbell county was established in 1794, taken from Mason County; it’s natural borders were the Ohio and Licking rivers.
He next appears in the Bracken County, Kentucky tax lists for 1799 and sporadically thereafter until 1813. Bracken, established in 1796, is adjacent to Pendleton County which borders Campbell and was likewise carved from Mason County; it is also an Ohio river border county. In 1802, Charles is named in a deed selling what is believed to be the Fauquier County homestead to James Peters. Also named is his wife, “Nancy”, (Hannah “Nancy” Ann Routt.)  This is the same year he appears in the Bracken County tax rolls of August 19, paying $2.00 in land taxes.
During this same period, Charles also appears sporadically in the Stafford County tax lists, sometimes the same year, but never the same month. While in Stafford, in July 1807, Charles purchased fifty acres located on Locust Creek in Bracken County, owned by his father-in-law, John Routt.
Charles then sold the same acreage seven years later on September 15, 1814 for $300.00 to his brother-in-law, John W. Routt, a son of John Routt.
Charles appears on Pendleton County tax rolls in 1815 and 1816, then again in Campbell County tax rolls from 1819 to 1824, then in Pendleton County rolls again from 1823 to 1826, and Bracken County again in 1827 and 1828, where three of his sons, Levi, Lewis, and Bennett Colvin are heading their own homes but are neighbors. The reason for his being taxed in these adjoining counties at different years, is unclear; however, given his background as an Overseer on the Hunter estate, it may be he is plying his trade at various locations in these counties. As a “trade,” overseers typically worked seasonally and were sometimes provided a house and a few acres on the landowner’s estate. If this was the case, it would go far in explaining why Charles appears to be moving about in these counties. All three of the counties where he appears are Ohio river border counties.
He appears, for example, in the 1803 Bracken County rolls, but in 1804 on the Stafford County rolls. Similarly, in 1805 he does not appear on the Stafford rolls and the Bracken County rolls are not extant. In 1806 he appears on both the Bracken and Stafford County lists. Such is the clear pattern through 1828.
As expected, Charles Colvin, Jr. appears as head of house on the 1810 US federal census for Falmouth, Stafford County, Virginia. [A1]
That same year, his father executed his will, in March wherein Charles B. Colvin is named as a son and as the co-executor along with his brothers-in-law, Ellis and Willis Duncan. That March he was also among the purchasers at his father’s estate sale.
Charles B. Colvin appears among the muster records of the War of 1812, having been assigned to Captain Thomas Chiders Company of Kentucky Mounted Volunteers, then under the command of Colonel William Mountjoy. Chider’s muster rolls show his company mustered in August 29, 1813 at Newport, Campbell County, Kentucky and mustered out, November 5, that same year. Newport was the staging area for the original mustering of the thousands of men who would ultimately embark upon a march to Canada. Charles B. Colvin, for whatever reason, though considered enlisted, was not present (or was somehow missed,) during the first roll call. Nevertheless, during his service he attained the rank of 1st Sergeant. He very likely saw action in the Battle of the Thames which took place on October 5, 1813 near present day Ontario, Canada. Although Capt. William Mountjoy is often credited with command of the fourth regiment which saw action during this well-known one-day battle, Capt. Thomas Chiders of Pendleton succeeded him.  Charles also received a bounty land warrant certificate for his service as an infantryman in the 28th Regiment under Captain Henry C. Gist. The warrant was issued January 28, 1818, which entitled him to 160 acres of land as payment for his service. This same Charles B. Colvin is listed as a private in Scott’s Regiment, Kentucky Militia which was. organized August 15, 1812.
Marriage to Hanna “Nancy” Routt.
Charles Colvin was likely married to Hannah “Nancy “Ann Routt 1789-1790. Hannah was the daughter of John Routt, whose own land in Culpeper County, Virginia abutted that of John Colvin, according to a deed dated May 2, 1777. A survey, dated October 31, 1777 in Culpeper County, Virginia, for John Routt shows his land amounted to 481 acres and was located near Muddy Creek, a tributary of the Rappahannock River. The survey also shows Routt’s land adjoined that of William Tutt, William Knox, and James Tutt. Although the marriage record of Charles Colvin and Hannah Routt does not appear to have survived, the language used in the Will of John Routt, executed, July 9, 1817, and recorded January, 1827 in Bracken County, makes his daughter’s relationship to Charles clear: he instructed that shares of his estate be devised to “the children and heirs of my daughter Hannah Colvin, deceased…” Hannah is believed to have borne Charles some 13 children and who was deceased by 1810, when Charles re-married to Francis Greening Lightfoot. Among the purchasers at John Routt’s estate sale were four of what are believed to be sons of Charles: Levi, Nimrod, Lewis, and Bennett Colvin – all born between 1791-1803.
The 1810 census of Bracken County shows Charles Colvin with two males under age ten; three males ages ten to sixteen; one male aged sixteen to twenty-six; one male aged twenty-six to forty-five, and one female under age ten. No wife is present. The reason is because he was a widower. He married second on September 17, 1810, according to the marriage bond, in Harrison County, Kentucky to Frances Greening Lightfoot, widow of John Lightfoot, and daughter of Thomas Greening. In the 1820 census, Charles was living in Campbell County, Kentucky with two males and two females both under age 10; two males and one female aged ten to sixteen; one male over age forty-five and one female over aged forty-five. The identity of the four children under age ten are unknown. His household was near that of Elizabeth Colvin, widow of Charles’ brother, Lewis.
What happened to Charles Colvin after he was last taxed in Bracken County from 1827 to 1829 is matter of speculation. Guardianship records in Pendleton County, Kentucky for his daughter, Priscilla W. Colvin (February Term, 1828), who chose her elder brother, Nimrod Colvin, as her guardian, stated that she was “an infant child of Charles Colvin who has left this state and ceased to be a resident here. . .” 
One strong possibility is that Charles relocated to Monroe County, Ohio. There are two reasons which make this a possibility; first the obvious fact that the 1820 Federal Land Act which opened up Ohio for thousands of settlers moving west would have made migrating there – just across the river – a genuine temptation given how cheaply land could be acquired. Beyond this, consider, for example, the 1840 Jackson Township, Monroe County, Ohio census and the Charles Colvin enumerated therein. In that census, the Charles Colvin listed is aged seventy to eighty, (remember Charles was born in 1770,) and is in a home with two males, aged fifteen to twenty and twenty to thirty respectively, and a female aged fifteen to twenty. Given his appearance in the Personal Property tax rolls of Fauquier County, Virginia, coupled with what is known of both his appearance and subsequent disappearance in Bracken County, Kentucky records, as well as his heirs’ years and places of residence, their marriages, and their deaths, the evidence is simply too strong to ignore. It is particularly intriguing given the following regarding one of Charles’ several known sons.
Charles’ sixth born son, Branson Lee Colvin, was born in 1802 in Virginia. However, in 1824 Branson married Mary Sara Alloway in Jefferson County, Ohio. There is little reason to think Branson was living in Ohio alone prior to wedlock. In all likelihood, he was with his family, indicating his father was already in Ohio. The significance of this data is that it is now entirely possible that, Charles Colvin, Jr., rather than George Colvin, (1804-1843) is the progenitor of the Ohio Colvin line of this study. George Colvin (the original presumed progenitor of the Ohio branch) and his wife, Sophia, did not arrive in Ohio until post-1830. This puts George’s arrival date behind that of Branson who was in Ohio by 1824 in order to marry Mary S. Alloway.
The analysis remains open. Recently, a review of the personal property tax records of Jackson Township, Monroe was undertaken for the years 1833 to 1838. No Colvins were present on those rolls. Needed at this stage then is a re-examination of land and probate records as well as pension files. Being entitled to 160 acres of bounty lands, Charles may have moved to those regions such as Illinois and Wisconsin where the military lands were located. Personal property tax records of Monroe County, Ohio, 1827-1833 should also be reviewed.
Hopefully, with a continued and diligent search, Charles Colvin’s whereabouts post-1828 can finally be ascertained and this biographic sketch completed.
 “Fauquier County Personal Property Tax List, 1782-1796”, Fauquier County, Virginia., microfilm, Virginia State Library (VSL), Richmond, Virginia. In the Colvin-Peters deed, (1802) and other records, this Colvin male is identified as “Charles Colvin Jun’r”
 “Will of James Hunter” November 18, 1784 in Ruth & Sam Sparacio, Virginia County Records, Deeds & Will Abstracts of Stafford County, Virginia, 1780-1786, 1988, self-published.
 Rusty Dennen, “Embrey work uncovers history” 28 November, 2004, Freelance Star, Fredericksburg, Virginia. http://www.fredericksburg.com/local/embrey-work-uncovers-history/article_330dfe50-2ccf-57b3-b9ed-fdabd15220cb.html
 “Revolutionary War – Hunter’s Iron Works,” Stafford County Museum website, http://staffordcountymuseum.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/Revolutionary-War-Hunters-Iron-Works.pdf
 “Fauquier County, Virginia Land Tax Records, 1783-1798” microfilm, Clayton Library Center for Genealogical Research, (CLCGR), Houston, Texas.
 Fauquier County, Virginia Personal Property tax list, 1782-1796, microfilm, CLCGR. Fauquier gained a 3rd tax district this year.
 Ibid. It appears the tax commissioner’s assistant ascribed to the son what should have been ascribed to his father, Charles Colvin, Sr.
 Richard W. Stephenson, “The Cartography of Northern Virginia,” History and Archeology Section, Office of Comprehensive Planning, Fairfax Co., Virginia, 1981. A “Marsh Rd.” is shown on several period maps as well as on modern adaptations of older maps. John Henry’s 1770 Map of Virginia, likewise clearly shows a Marsh Run branching from the Rappahannock; Brent Town is also shown. Marsh Run can also be seen via modern day Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) maps.
 “Fauquier County, Virginia Personal Property Tax List, 1782-1796,” microfilm, CLCGR.
 “Stafford County, Virginia Personal Property Tax lists, 1782-1813”, microfilm, VSL. The books microfilmed on the reel consulted were the “Auditor’s” copy, as indicated on the tax book covers. This would indicate they were the second copy made of three by period clerks, thereafter sent to the state auditor’s office in Richmond. These surviving Auditor’s Books were later transferred to the Virginia State Library, Richmond, Virginia in Richmond for archiving and later microfilmed in the mid-20th century by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
 “Campbell County Kentucky Tax lists 1795-1808” microfilm, Kentucky Historical Society, CLCGR
 William Dollarhide, et all, “Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Census 1790-1920” Genealogical Publishing Company, 1987. Pp 122-123
 “Bracken County, Kentucky Tax lists, 1797-1836” microfilm, Kentucky Historical Society, CLCGR. This reel begins in 1799 and the years 1800 and 1801 are missing. Except for 1804, when the tax collector apparently skipped him, Charles appears on the lists from 1799-1813 paying an average $50.00 annual tax.
 This is likely Hannah “Nancy” Routt whom Charles married ca. 1790 in Culpeper County. Although no marriage record appears to have survived, Hannah is referred to as his deceased daughter, “Hannah Colvin” by her father, John Routt (1782-1827) in his Will, dated September 18, 1823. The Will was recorded with Bracken County, Kentucky records.
 “Bracken County, Kentucky Tx list 1799-1836”, microfilm, CLCGR
 Source pending.
 Rosemarie Bonell Pell, “Abstracts of Deed Books E & F Bracken County, Kentucky, 1814-1823,” Bracken County Historical Society, 2008, CLCGR, pp 20. Original Source: Bracken County, Kentucky, Deed Book E pp 44-46.
 Pendleton 1815-1816 source pending; Campbell 1819-1824 source pending; Pendleton 1823-1826 source pending See also “Bracken County Tax List 1797-1836,” Kentucky Historical Society, CLCGR. Charles’ sons, Levi, Lewis, Bennett, and Charles also appear on the Bracken County tax lists.
 “Overseer’s Place on a Southern Plantation,” History Engine website, University of Virginia, http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/3314
 Charles Colvin household, 1810 U.S. Federal Census, Falmouth, Stafford County, Virginia (microfilm) CLCGR, Houston, Texas.
 Abstract of Charles Colvin Will, dated March 15, 1810, Cynthiana, Pendleton County, Kentucky. The Will was originally abstracted from page 287 of County Order Book “B” (1805-1814) pp 287. See: http://www.usgennet.org/usa/ky/state/counties/pendleton/taxrec/abstracts18051814.htm
 Janet Pease, “Kentucky County Court records: Grant, Harrison, Pendleton, Vol. 3” pp 3 www.familysearch.org
 “Roll of Captain Thomas Childers’s Company, Kentucky Mounted Volunteer Militia – Commanded by Colonel William Mountjoy,” in Kentucky Soldiers of the War of 1812, Genealogical Publishing Company, 1969, p 139. The Index was originally compiled by Minnie S. Wilder in 1931, then added later to the1969 re-printed edition. Consequently, Charles B. Colvin appears in different places in the same index. He appears, for example, as Charles B. Calvert, bearing the identical mustering in and discharge dates as Charles B. Colvin. The Indexer noted Charles B. Calvert was promoted to 1st Sargent. This is consistent with the Index Record Card (IRC) bearing the name Charles B. Colvin. A Charles Colvin is listed in the Index as being on page 80 of this volume, but no such individual appears on that page but no mustering dates are given. The listing of individuals whose surnames begin with “C” on page 79, also lists no Colvins.
 Digitized original Index Record Card (IRC), Charles B. Colvin, http://www.Fold3.com
 Bennett H. Bennett, “The Battle of the Thames in which the Kentuckians defeated the British, French and Indians, October 5, 1813,” Louisville KY: John P. Morton & Company, 1903, pp 39. See also this title, pp 225 which lists Chiders’ company officers and privates. Also listed among Chiders’ company is one of Charles’s son’s, Burkett Colvin, as well as a distant relation, Henry “Harry” Colvin. Henry was a resident of Pendleton County by 1812 and had served in the Revolution and died in Pendleton in 1839. He is interred in the Old Colvin cemetery there. His original brick home, built in the 1830s is today listed with the National Registry of Historic Places. Charles, although correctly identified on this page, is also misidentified separately as another private, listed as Charles B. Calvert. www.archives.org
 Digitized image of bounty land warrant, Charles B. Colvin, “U.S. War Bounty Land Warrants, 1789-1858,” warrant No. 14885, www.ancestry.com
 Digitized original IRC, Charles B. Colvin, www.fold3.com
 The marriage record of Charles Colvin and Hannah Routt does not appear to have survived, or the marriage was never solemnized. However, the ages of the white male tithes tracked through Stafford and Kentucky tax rolls give clear clues of how Charles Colvin’s family group was developing and when.
 Peggy Shomo Joyner, “Northern Neck Warrants & Surveys, Dunmore, Shenandoah, Culpeper, Prince William, Fauquier & Stafford Counties, 1710-1780,” Portsmouth, Virginia. 1986.
 Digitized original Will of John Routt, 18 September, 1823, Brooksville, Bracken County, Kentucky, “Kentucky Probate Records, 1727-1990,” www.familysearch.org
 Digitized original, Charles B. Colvin and Frances Greening Lightfoot marriage bond, “Kentucky, County Marriages, 1797-1954,” www.familysearch.org
 Review pending. Also, On January 24, 1835, Nimrod Colvin – a son of Charles — surveyed 150 acres along Blanket Creek in Pendleton County, Kentucky and applied for a patent. See Willard Rouse Jilson, ” The Kentucky Land Grants, – Vol. I-II,” Book F-2. Genealogical Publishing Company, 2011. pp 161
 Charles Colvin household, 1810 U.S. Federal Census, Bracken County, Kentucky, http://www.ancestry.com
 Digitized original marriage bond of Charles B. Colvin and Frances Lightfoot, recorded September 17, 1810, Cynthiana, Harrison County, Kentucky. “Kentucky, County Marriages, 1797-1954,” www.familysearch.org.
 Charles Colvin household, 1820 U.S. Federal census, Covington, Campbell County, Kentucky, www.ancestry.com
 Pendleton County, Kentucky, Guardianship records (February Term, 1828) Utah’s Family History Library catalogue lists the Pendleton County, Kentucky guardianship records beginning in 1852. Source for this claim pending.
 Charles Colvin, 1840 U.S. Federal Census, Jackson, Monroe County, Ohio. What remains unresolved is the question of who are the other individuals in the 1840 household? Who are the two males (one aged 15-20, one aged 20-30) and the sole female (age 15-20). It is also instructive to note that in early 18th century Virginia legal parlance, “infant” refer to any child under the age of 18.
 Charles Colvin appears in the Fauquier County, Virginia personal property tax lists from 1789-1797; thereafter in the Stafford County, Virginia personal property tax lists until 1810.
 Digitized original of Jefferson County, Ohio Marriages Registry, Branson Colvin entry, December 30th 1824, JC Court of Common Pleas, Probate Division, and Steubenville, Ohio. Book 3 pg 16
 source pending.
 “Tax duplicates 1816-1838” (Monroe County, Ohio.) Vols. 946-951. FHL reels 545128, 514164.
 See: State Archives Series 5843. Tax duplicates [microform], 1816-1838. Ohio Historical Society, http://collections.ohiohistory.org/starweb/l.skca-catalog/servlet.starweb